Pregnancy is awesome but to a greater or lesser extent, all pregnant females feel at some point certain discomfort caused by changes in their body.
After learning about the first trimester of pregnancy, we move on to discomfort in the second trimester of pregnancy. It is, they say, and in my case, it was, the best stage of pregnancy. Most of the discomforts of the first weeks disappear or at least remit, and those caused by the excessive weight and volume of the belly still do not appear.
However, in the second trimester of pregnancy, the woman can also suffer some discomfort, such as sciatica, constipation, hemorrhoids, cramps, and palpitations.
From the second trimester, it is common for pregnant women to suffer from sciatica. It is an intense pain in the lower back that occurs when the sciatic nerve becomes inflamed. It is a pain that extends down the back of the thigh and branches behind the knee to the foot. It can appear on one side only on both.
It is caused by the distension of the ligaments in the area produced by a hormone secreted in pregnancy called relaxing.
To combat sciatica, it is best to exercise, control weight gain, massage, and avoid bad postures. When the pain appears, place dry heat on the area.
They are involuntary and painful muscle contractions that appear with greater intensity in the legs, especially in the calves and feet. They usually appear when you are sleeping or lying down, which is when the venous return is slower.
In this case, it is also the action of hormones that is responsible for cramps, since they affect the circulatory system, softening the walls of the blood vessels and hindering venous and lymphatic return. The stagnation of liquids in the legs is what causes annoying cramps.
To prevent them, it is advisable to consume foods rich in potassium (banana, kiwi) and magnesium (green leafy vegetables), practice moderate exercise, massage and gently stretch before going to bed.
If the cramps are very intense and frequent, it is best to consult your doctor, as it can be a symptom of a more serious problem such as venous thrombosis.
Half of the pregnant women suffer constipation at some point in pregnancy. It is a disorder that can appear from the second trimester caused by hormones slowing down the movements of the intestines. In women who already had it before pregnancy, the problem may even worsen.
The most effective way to prevent constipation during pregnancy is to drink plenty of water, as well as increase fiber intake (fruits, vegetables, and whole grains) and exercise regularly.
A natural trick: soak several dried plums and apricots overnight. In the morning drink the liquid and eat the fruit mixed with yogurt.
Associated largely with constipation, hemorrhoids may appear in the second trimester of pregnancy, more likely in the second half.
It is a circulatory disorder caused by the dilation of the veins, which added to constipation produces an increase in pressure in the rectal vessels, causing hemorrhoids to appear. They can cause itching or pain, in some cases very intense pain, and sometimes even bleed.
As well as a diet rich in fiber to avoid constipation, when the blissful hemorrhoids appear, you can alleviate them with cold water sits baths, do not delay going to the bathroom when you feel like it and clean the area well after going.
Palpitations and tachycardia
Although they can appear from the first trimester, they become more pronounced towards the second trimester. The increased blood flow means that the heart has to work with forced marches, which can cause small alterations in its functioning such as palpitations or tachycardia.
Stress also contributes to palpitations, as well as making efforts, so the remedy is to lead a life as calm as possible. Also, practice exercise, sleep on your side, practice relaxation and breathing techniques.
Burning, heartburn is a digestive discomfort that can be interpreted by various causes, from the increase in the size of the uterus (which leaves less room for the stomach) to hormonal factors that cause gastric disturbances.
Many pregnant women suffer from it and it is quite unpleasant. To prevent it, avoid large meals (better to eat a few meals a day), eat slowly, avoid spicy fried or spicy foods, avoid carbonated drinks, coffee, or caffeinated soft drinks and dinner at least two hours before going to bed.