Adolescence

The human behavior of the individual is determined by two main factors, namely the nature of the formation of the individual and the way of his growth first, then the type of interaction of this person with all his functions and other external factors, which are known as the surrounding environment, and the characteristics of each person’s stages of growth depend mainly on the characteristics that the individual inherits from his parents. Inheritance has an important role in structuring the natural functions of the organs of its body, and a person passes through a number of stages during his life, starting with the childhood stage that is divided into early childhood, middle childhood, and late childhood, then the youth stage, then the aging stage, and there will be an interlocking stage between the end of the late childhood stage and the beginning of the stage Young people are called adolescents, and educators ask what adolescence is.

What is adolescence?

When asking a question what is the stage of adolescence, the answer to it is that this stage is a very important stage in a person’s life, and for this period the scholars devoted special attention to the significance of its importance to human life, and this stage falls between sexual puberty and adulthood, and with it, the boy and girl make fundamental changes And severe disturbances in all aspects of physical, mental, social and emotional development, and as a result of these changes, the image of the teenager becomes not the image of the child, so that it may be considered a new stage of birth for the human being. From the physical aspect, apart from the formal changes, there are organs that are active for the first time in his life such as the reproductive system and whose secretions begin to appear, And also emotional changes that make the teenager angry for the least reasons, characterized by severe personal behavior, or some emotional changes such as entering into cases of depression, sadness, and anxiety.

Also, on the other hand, he will face social changes. The teenager takes new pictures in his relationship from those that were in childhood. The child who used to love the home, family visits, family meetings, listening and discussion now shows that he does not want to stay at home and does not want the company of parents, but rather wants to create new relationships And joining groups and friends of the same age, then the teenager comes out of the image of the obedient child, begins to rebel against the parents and try not to listen to them, and from a mental point of view the teenager’s brain also begins to grow, and his intelligence increases sharply, and his thinking takes on a character other than the character that was present, and this begins The stage is usually from the age of thirteen and may extend to the age of twenty-one.

How to deal with a teenager

After answering a question: What is the stage of adolescence, it is important for educators to be aware of how to deal with the teenager, because of the changes and disturbances that result from this stage that leads to many and multiple problems, so the family and society, in general, must know the ways in which to deal with the teenager, including Next:

  1. The family

A familial, intimate, family atmosphere must be created with a view to raising the adolescent in a positive manner based on compatibility with the self, the family, the community and the school, in order to remove the adolescent from the atmosphere of anxiety, cramping and rebellion, and the family must provide a positive space for discussion, dialogue, criticism and negotiation in problem-solving. [3]

  1. The society

A teenager cannot achieve the appropriate balance unless society tries with all its small and large institutions to understand the adolescent’s needs, desires, and self-requirements, and by issuing laws and legislations that protect the adolescent and serve him physically and mentally, and benefit him emotionally and culturally.

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